Characteristic and Conditions Facilitate to Occupational Crime
( Pp. 413-423)

More about authors
Kravets Ivan Petrovich Cand.Sci.(Law), Head of the State Law Disciplines Department, Institute of Economics, Management and Law
Volga State University of Water Transport
Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia
For read the full article, please, register or log in
The article analyzes the state of the characteristics and conditions that contribute to professional crime at the present stage, its trends and patterns of development, examines the roots, origins of the formation of criminal behavior and the history of the development of professional crime in Russia. In general, professional crime is distinguished by a number of features related to the causes of professional crime, the personality of a professional criminal, as well as to the specifics of preventing professional criminal activity. The purpose of the presented study is to consider the issues that arise in this area regarding the characteristics and conditions that contribute to professional crime, as well as its recurrence, where the fight against it is an important task of society and the state. The significance of this struggle is determined by the particularly negative influence of recidivists and professional criminals on the reproduction of primary crime and, thereby, on the aggravation of the criminal situation in the country; an increase in the commission of grave and especially grave crimes, the number of which exceeds 60% in the structure of all crime. The solution of this problem is complicated by the peculiarities of the personality of recidivists and professional criminals, the persistence of their antisocial attitude; continuation of criminal activity, despite the measures taken to it; the use of decisive and skillful criminal actions; the harmful influence exerted on unstable persons, the spread of the criminal subculture. On the basis of the study, the author comes to the conclusion that an essential condition for professional crime is the fact that state and public organizations are not working hard to involve people released from places of deprivation of liberty in a morally healthy environment, to isolate them from the influence of antisocial elements. After serving the sentence, convicts are usually met with a negative attitude from society. Without purposeful work with people who have served their sentences, it is impossible to protect them from harmful contact with professional criminals who have remained at large. Encountering a wary attitude towards themselves, they begin to seek communication among their own kind, which leads to the commission of new crimes.
How to Cite:
Kravets I.P., (2022), CHARACTERISTIC AND CONDITIONS FACILITATE TO OCCUPATIONAL CRIME. Gaps in Russian Legislation, 5 => 413-423.
Reference list:
Avanesov G.A. Theory and methodology of criminological forecasting M. 1972. S. 259-260.
Avdiyskiy V.A., Bukalerova L.A. Criminology. M. 2022. S.248-257.
Alekseev A.I. Individual prevention of recidivism M. 1975. P.3.
Gertsenzon A.A. Criminal law and sociology M.1970. P.116.
Dmitriev O.V. Criminological and criminal law characteristics of extortion based on materials from the West Siberian region Diss. candidate of law Sciences 1994. P.79.
Zuykov G.G. Forensic doctrine of the method of committing a crime Author. dis. Doctor of Law, M. 1970. P.12.
Inshakov S.M. Criminology. M. 2000. S.182.
Kravets I.P., (2022), Problems of special measures to prevent professional crime. Gaps in Russian legislation, 2: 134-143.
Criminogenic situation in Russia at the turn of the XXI century / Ed. ed. A.I. Gurov. - M .: Publishing house of the All-Russian Research Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia. 2000, p. 68.
Poznyshev S.V. Textbook of criminal law M. People's Commissariat of Justice. 1923. P.175.
Popov V.I. Recurrence of crimes. Dis.d.ju.n., 1999. S.27-29.
Federal Law of February 7, 2011 N 3-FZ (as amended on December 21, 2021) "On the Police" // Collection of Legislation of the Russian Federation. - 2011. - N 7. - Art. 900.
Federal Law of 04/06/2011 N 64-FZ (as amended on 10/01/2019) "On Administrative Supervision of Persons Released from Places of Detention" // Collected Legislation of the Russian Federation. - 2011. - N 15. - Art. 2037.
Shutov Yu.I. Recurrent crime and measures to combat it in Soviet criminal law, author. dis. cand. legal Sciences. Sverdlovsk, 1965. S.16-17.
Yakovlev A.M. Relapse as an object of criminal policy, M.1978. C.8.
Federal Law "On Police", Penal Code of the Russian Federation, Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, Decrees of the President of the Russian Federation, Decrees of the Government of the Russian Federation, orders of the General Prosecutor's Office of the Russian Federation.

Related Articles

УГОЛОВНО-ПРАВОВЫЕ НАУКИ (СПЕЦИАЛЬНОСТЬ 5.1.4.) Pages: 124-128 Issue №24320
Life Imprisonment in the System of Types of Punishments
Criminal Code of the Russian Federation Penal Enforcement Code of the Russian Federation criminal law penal enforcement law system of punishments
Show more
5.1.4. CRIMINAL LAW Pages: 108-111 Issue №22298
Criminal Legal Consequences of Committing a Serious Negligent Crime
serious crime negligence criminal law Criminal Code of the Russian Federation
Show more
4. CRIMINAL LAW (5.1.4.) Pages: 129-134 Issue №22457
Problems of the Criminal Legislation of the Russian Federation at the Present Stage of Development
criminal code of the Russian Federation system of criminal law amending the criminal code transformation of law
Show more
8. Constitutional law; Constitutional judicial process; Municipal law Pages: 86-90 Issue №10327
Crimes against the basis of the constitutional order and State security: notion and general characterization
The Constitution Of The Russian Federation Criminal code of the Russian Federation crime public safety territorial integrity
Show more
4. CRIMINAL LAW Pages: 134-143 Issue №20591
Problems of Special Measures for the Prevention of Occupational Crime
Federal Law "On Police" Penal Code of the Russian Federation Criminal Code of the Russian Federation Decrees of the President of the Russian Federation Decrees of the Government of the Russian Federation
Show more
Gaps in the system of fundamentals and principles of criminalization
criminal code of the Russian Federation criminal policy of the Russian Federation criminalization
Show more
5.1.4. CRIMINAL LAW Pages: 155-158 Issue №22298
Problems of Qualification of Fraud in the Field of Lending
fraud embezzlement borrower bank loan
Show more
On some aspects of crime prevention in the Russian Federation in the context of globalization
Russian Federation legislation Constitution of the Russian Federation normative legal act federal law of the Russian Federation
Show more