International reviewed research journal
The journal reviews the most important social and political problems in modern Russia and in the world; to formation of the national - state identity in Russia; histories of sociopolitical doctrines; political psychology.
- the list of Russian peer-reviewed scientific periodicals recommended by the Higher Attestation Commission of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation for the publication of key research findings from dissertations for the candidates and doctoral degrees,
- the system of the Russian Science Citation Index (RSCI).
The journal is published with the participation of the Moscow State Philosophical department of Moscow State University, Mordovian State University named after N.P.Ogaryov, the Moscow National Institute of Business, Moscow Humanitarian University.
Periodicity - 6 times per year.
- Political identity of Russia in the modern world
Theory and methodology of political studies
- Political institutions, processes and technologies
Tolerance, conflict prevention
National Security of Russia
- Russian government: pages of history and modernity
- Constitutional Reform in the Modern World
New issues in legislation
National environmental issues of Russia
Legal experience in combating crime
Procedural features of the qualification of offenses
Private and public law
Artificial Intelligence in Law Enforcement
Legal Basics for Robotics Safety
Child Protection Issues
Sociocultural space of Russia
Legal regulation in biotechnology
Legal liability of medical personnel
Psychology and pedagogy in law enforcement
Socio-economic relations in modern Russia
RULES OF MANUSCRIPT SUBMISSION FOR PUBLICATION IN THE JOURNAL "SOCIOPOLITICAL SCIENCES"
The editorial policy of the Yur-VAK Publishing House follows the Code of Ethics for Scientific Publications.
Manuscripts are accepted only in case if they are not currently considered for publication in another publishing house, have not been posted on the Internet and have not been published earlier, the author is responsible for the accuracy of this information.
- Authors warrant that their manuscripts are original work, free from plagiarism and unfair borrowing.
- Authors must notify the Editors of any conflicts of interest.
- Authors should clearly indicate all sources used in their text.
- The authors are responsible for the selection and accuracy of the information contained in the articles, citations, legal documents, and should not affect the honor, dignity and business reputation of third parties.
- Authors should report any errors they find in their manuscript after publication.
Completeness of the manuscript:
At the beginning of the article, the following information is indicated:
Author (s) data:
- surname, name, patronymic (in full) of the author
- job position
- academic title
- academic degree, place of work
- address of the place of work
- ORCID ID, Scopus Author ID, Researcher ID
- name of scientific specialization
- telephone number
An example of the correct formatting of an article on the humanities (technical)
2. Title of the article (in Russian, in English)
3. Abstract (in Russian, in English) (150-200 words)
The abstract should be clearly structured and reflect the following aspects of the content of the article:
- Purpose of writing a research paper
- Conclusions obtained during the study
- We recommend, if possible, to include the main theses of the article in the form of infographics in the abstract (Highlights) Example of Highlights
4. 6-8 key-words in Russian and English (up to 100 characters with spaces).
6. The text of the article in the Word editor. The text of the article is not less than 4000-6000 words.
The structure of the text of the article should be highlighted with headings
• Introduction. Formulation of the problem
• Methods for solving the considered problem (for articles on technical sciences)
• Subject headings of the main logical sections of the article
Figures, graphs and tables must be provided in two languages: Russian and English; under the figure, graph, table, you must indicate the Source (in Russian, in English).
To design links to sources within the text of the article, we recommend authors to use the Harvard Style for links to sources within the text of the article (Harvard Style - name-date system: after the quoted phrase or link in quotation marks, to the author's opinion in brackets the surname of the author of the cited work and the year of its publication are indicated, and in the list of references the sources are indicated in alphabetical order) so that the information is more correctly displayed in international databases.
Links in the text are made in square brackets - the author's surname (without initials), year are indicated. If the link leads to a specific fragment of the text of the document, indicate the page number: [Ivanov, 2010: 60]. If the link contains information about several works, they are separated by a semicolon when specifying sources in the text of the article: [Ivanov, Sidorov, Latyshev, Year; Petrov, Year]
7. List of used literary sources (in Russian and English) in a single format, the names of the authors in alphabetical order.
• The number of cited publications is 15-20 sources published no later than 3-4 years
• The list of references contains the most significant articles and monographs on the research topic
• Normative documents are indicated in page references
• Textbooks, teaching aids, dictionaries are not recommended to be indicated in the list of references
• Internet links are recommended to be transferred to page references
• A sample of the design of a link in the list of references:
Ivanov I.I. Title of the article // Title of the journal. year. V. volume number. No. page number.
10. The volume of published materials is unlimited, font 14 (12), spacing 1.5
12. All materials should be submitted to the editorial office in electronic form by e-mail to the editorial office email@example.com. WA: +7 (916) 393-18-27
THE EDITORIAL BOARD AND THE EDITORIAL COUNCIL OF "SOCIOPOLITICAL SCIENCES" JOURNAL
Chairman of the journal editorial council "Sociopolitical Sciences"
Alla G. Gryaznova - Dr. Sci. (Econ.), Professor; Honored Science Worker of the Russian Federation, President of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation Co-chairs of the editorial board of "Sociopolitical Sciences" journal Julia N. Sushkova - Dr. Sci. (Hist.), Associate Professor; Head of the Faculty of International and European Law, Dean of the Law Faculty of Ogarev Mordovia State University, Saransk, Russian Federation
Vladimir V. Chistyakov - Professor; Editor-in-Chief of the "Yur- VAK" Publishing House, Moscow, Russian Federation
Editor-in-Chief of "Political Science" section
Lyudmila E. Ilyicheva - Dr. Sci. (Polit), Cand. Sci (Philos.), Professor, Professor of the Department of Project and Program Management, Director of the Center for Public-Private Partnership of the Institute of Public Service and Management of the RANEPA under the President of the Russian Federation
Editor-in-Chief of Political Science section
Editor-in-chief of the "Legal Science" section
Anna V. Serebrennikova - Dr. Sci. (Law); Professor of the Faculty of Law, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow
Members of the Editorial Board of "Sociopolitical Sciences" journal:
Valery V. Andreev - Dr. Sci. (Hist.), Professor; Rector of the Cheboksary Cooperative Institute (branch of the Russian University of Cooperation), Cheboksary
Evgeny I. Arinin - Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Professor; Head of the Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies, Vladimir State University, Vladimir
Igor V. Bakhlov - Dr. Sci. (Polit.), Associate Professor; FSBEI HE "Ogarev National Research Mordovia State University", Head of the Department of World History, Political Science and Regional Studies; Professor of the Department of State and Administrative Law, Head of the Scientific and Educational Center "Political Analysis of Territorial Systems" Saransk
Marina O. Buyanova - Dr. Sci. (Law), Professor; Professor of the Department of Labor Law and Social Security Law of the National Research University "Higher School of Economics", Moscow
Vitaliy Yu. Belsky - Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Professor; Head of the Department of Sociology and Political Science of Moscow University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia named after V.Ya. Kikot,
Nina V. Volodina - Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Dr. Sci. (Law); Professor of the Department of Humanitarian, Social, Economic and Information-Legal Disciplines, University of the Prosecutor's Office of the Russian Federation, Moscow
Ravil Kh. Gizzatulin - Dr. Sci. (Law); Professor of the Department of Financial and Environmental Law, Bashkir State University, Ufa
Alexey P. Gladilin - Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Professor; Professor of the Academy of Management of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, Moscow
Andrey V. Golovnev (ORCID) - Corr. Member, Russian Academy of Sciences, Dr. Sci. (Hist.); Chief Researcher of the Institute of History and Archeology, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Archeology and Ethnology of the Faculty of History, Ural Federal University, Yekaterinburg
Dmitry V. Dolenko - Dr. Sci. (Polit.), Professor; Head of the Department of Regional Studies and Political Science, Ogarev Mordovia State University, Saransk
Natalya G. Zhavoronkova - Dr. Sci. (Law), Professor; Head of the Department of Environmental and Natural Resources Law, Kutafin Moscow State Law University, Moscow
Svetlana Z. Zhenetl - Dr. Sci. (Law), Professor; Russian State University of Justice, Department of Civil and Administrative Procedure, Moscow
Igor Yu. Zalysin - Dr. Sci. (Polit.), Professor; Head of the Department of Political Science of RSAU-Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy, Moscow
Andrey P. Zabiyako - Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Professor; Head of the Department of Religious Studies and History of the Faculty of International Relations, Amur State University, Blagoveshchensk
Nikolay A. Ismukov - Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Professor; Professor of the Department of Philosophy, History and Pedagogy, Cheboksary Cooperative Institute (Branch) of the Russian University of Cooperation, Cheboksary
Galina V. Kalinina - Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Professor, Honored Science Worker of the Chuvash Republic; Cheboksary Cooperative Institute (branch) of the Russian University of Cooperation, Dean of the Faculty of Trade and Technology, Cheboksary
Lyubov D. Kalinkina - Cand. Sci. (Law), Associate Professor; Head of the Department of Criminal Procedure, Justice and Prosecutorial Supervision of Ogarev Mordovia State University, Saransk
Svetlana G. Kirdina-Chandler - Dr. Sci. (Soc.), Cand. Sci. (Econ.); Head of the Sector of Evolution of Social and Economic Systems, Federal State Budgetary Institution, Institute of Economics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow
Anatoly I. Kovler - Dr. Sci. (Law), Professor; Head of the Center for Foreign Legislation and Comparative Law of the Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow
Vladimir N. Ksenofontov - Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Professor; Professor of Kutafin Moscow State Law University, Moscow
Andrey N. Kuryukin - Cand. Sci. (Polit.) Professor of RANH; Senior Researcher of the Department of Analysis of Socio-Political Processes, Institute of Sociology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow
Dmitry K. Labin - Dr. Sci. (Law), Professor; Head of the Department of Public Law, Professor of the Department of International Law, Moscow State Institute of International Relations (University) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Moscow
Margarita L. Lebedeva - Cand. Sci. (Polit.), Associate Professor; Associate Professor of the Department of Political Science of RSAU-Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy, Moscow
Natalya V. Letova - Dr. Sci. (Law), Professor; Chief Researcher of Civil Law, Arbitration and Civil Procedure Section in ISL RAS, Moscow
Natalia A. Lopashenko - Dr. Sci. (Law), Professor, Honored Lawyer of the Russian Federation; Professor of the Department of Criminal and Penal Law of the Saratov State Law Academy, Director of the Saratov Center for the Study of the Problems of Organized Crime and Corruption, Head of the scientific social network Crim- pravo.ru, Saratov
Nikolay F. Mokshin - Dr. Sci. (Hist.), Professor; Head of the Department of Pre-revolutionary Russian History, Archeology and Ethnography of Ogareva Mordovia State University, Saransk
Boris I. Nefedov - Dr. Sci. (Law.), Associate Professor; Deputy Head of the Department of International Law, MSIIR (U), Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Moscow
Sergey I. Plaksiy - Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Professor, Honored Science Worker of the Russian Federation; rector of the National Institute of Business, Moscow
Petr V. Petriy - Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Professor; Head of the Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies, Military University of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, Moscow
Rudolf G. Pihoya - Dr. Sci. (Hist.), Professor; Head of the Historical Department of the FSI RANEPA, Professor, Chief State Archivist of Russia, Moscow
Tamara Ya. Silvestrova - Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Professor; Head of the Department of the World Economy and Tax Systems of the Cheboksary Cooperative Institute (branch) of the Russian University of Cooperation, Cheboksary
Galina S. Skachkova - Dr. Sci. (Law), Professor; Head of the Sector of ISL RAS, Moscow
Igor Yu. Sundiev - Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Professor; Vice-President of the Russian Criminological Association, Senior Researcher of the All-Union Research Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Moscow
Grigory L. Tulchinsky - Honored Science Worker the Russian Federation, Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Professor; Professor of the NRU Higher School of Economics (St. Petersburg), St. Petersburg
Irina A. Umnova-Konyukhova - Dr. Sci. (Law), Professor; Head of the Department of Constitutional Legal Studies of the Russian State University of Justice, Moscow
Oleg F. Shabrov - Dr. Sci. (Polit.), Professor; President of the Academy of Political Science, Head of the Department of Political Science and Political Administration of the FSI RANEP, Moscow
Yuri L. Shulzhenko - Dr. Sci. (Law); Head of the Department of Constitutional Law, ISL RAS, Lawyer of the Russian Federation, Moscow
Igor N. Yablokov - Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Professor; Department of Philosophy of Religion and Religious Studies of the Faculty of Philosophy, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Honored Science Worker of the Russian Federation, Academician of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, Moscow
Irina P. Yakusheva - Cand. Sci. (Polit.), Associate Professor; the Department of jurisprudence of the Russian State Agrarian University - Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy, Moscow
Foreign members of the editorial board of the journal
Olga Zigmunt - PhD (Law), Associate Professor; University of Vechta, Vechta, Germany
Cao Ngoc Anh - PhD (Law); Lecturer, Vice Dean of the Security and Leadership Advisory Department, People's Security Academy, Hanoi, Vietnam
Hunar Ameen Hasan - PhD (Law); Dean of the Faculty of Public Administration and Rational Use of Natural Resources, Charmo University, Sulaimani Kurdistan region, Iraq
Ivan Marino - PhD (Law), Associate Professor; Department of Eastern Europe, State University Universita degli studi di Napoli l'Orientale, member of the Union of Journalists of Russia, Correspondent of the journal "Representative Power of the 21st Century", Head of the Foundation "Osservatorio sul sistema politico-costituzionale della Federazione Russa", coordinator project "School of Russian Constitutionalism on Capri" expert of the Fund for Constitutional Reforms, Milan, Italy
Wang Zan - PhD (Law), Associate Professor; Faculty of Law, Dalian Maritime University, Liaoning Province, Dalian, China
Yue Qiang - PhD, Shanghai Political and Law University; SCO Legal Services Commission (China); East China Political and Law University, Senior Lecturer; Deputy Head of the Center for Exchange and Cooperation; Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Shanghai, China
Edita Gruodyte - PhD (Econ.), Professor; Deputy Dean for Research, Vytautas Magnus University, Faculty of Law, Kaunas, Lithuania
Rafal Adamus - Dr.Sci (Law), Professor; University of Opole, Head of the Faculty of Economics and Commercial Law, Opole, Poland
Jarostaw Turtukowski - PhD (Law), Associate Professor; Institute of Civil Law, Faculty of Law and Administration of the University of Warsaw, Law and Administrative Department of the University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
Suzana Kraljic - PhD (Law), Associate Professor; University of Maribor, Faculty of Law, Maribor, Slovenia
Louise Shelley - PhD (Law), Professor; George Mason University, Arlington, Virginia, USA
Lidia S. Toydybekova-Mustonen - Doc. (Phil.); University of Helsinki, Finland
Vladimir Prorok - PhD (Phil), Associate Professor; Jan Amos Komensky University of Prague (UYAK), Prague, Czech Republic
REPUBLIC OF AZERBAIJAN
Aydin Jamil oglu Aliyev - Dr. Sci. (Law), Associate Professor; Senior Researcher of the Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure Department of the Institute of Law and Human Rights of the National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Baku, Azerbaijan Ramin Afad ogly Gurbanov - Dr. Sci. (Law), Professor; Vice-President, European Commission for the Efficiency of Justice of the Council of Europe (CEPEJ), Baku, Azerbaijan
Alysh Mamish ogly Kasumov - Dr. Sci. (Law), Professor; Head of the Department of Civil Process, Labor and Environmental Law, Baku State University, Baku, Azerbaijan
REPUBLIC OF BELARUS
Tamara I. Makarova - Dr. Sci. (Law); Professor of the Law Faculty, Belarusian State University, Minsk, Belarus
REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN
Sergey M. Zhalybin - Dr. Sci. (Law), Professor; Academician of the International Academy of Informatization, Director of the Research Institute of the Institute of Economics and Law of Kostanai Social-Technical University named after academician Z. Aldamzhar, Kostanay, Kazakhstan
REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN
Emom S. Nasurdinov - Cand. Sci. (Law), Associate Professor; Dean of the Law Faculty of the Tajik National University, Member of the Russian Academy of Natural History, Dushanbe, Tajikistan
Journal Editorial Council:
Agafonov V.B., Andrianovskaya I.I., Bakhlova O.V., Belikova K.M., Botnev V.K., Brinchuk M.M., Bukalerova L.A., Voronov A.F., Voronin E.R., Voskobitova L.A., Vyphkhanova G.V., Gorbunova O.N., Dzhafarov A.M., Dolenko D.V., Ershova I.V., Zhuravlev D.A., Ziyadova D.Z., Kudryavtseva E.V., Lepeshko B.M., Mashekusheva M.H., Mescheryakova O.N., Mokshina E.N., Morozova E.G., Pavelieva T.Yu., Rassolov I.M., Severin V.A., Uzdimaeva N.I., Khatuntsev O.A., Shmaly O.V., Shashkova A.V.
Peer-reviewing of research papers submitted to “SOCIOPOLITICAL SCIENCES” journal
The papers submitted to the editorial office of the “SOCIOPOLITICAL SCIENCES” journal are to be obligatory peer-reviewed.
The peer-review includes the following steps:
1. Analysis of the paper compliance with the “Rules of manuscript submission for publication”. This analysis is performed by the Journal`s secretary within first three days after submission.
2. Peer review is performed by a specialist in the current research field, having a doctoral degree and no research or financial connection to the authors, or any other conflict of interest with the authors of the manuscript. The independent reviewer is selected by the editorial office. The peer-reviewing is a voluntary and confidential activity. Peer-reviewers are informed that the papers present an intellectual property of the authors and are a matter of non-disclosure. Peer-reviewers are prohibited of making copies of papers for private use. The case of suspicious non- reliable or probably falcified data should be reported to the Editorial officer. Corresponding author of the peer-reviewed paper is always familiarized with the text of the peer-review and the status of a lay-out of the article prior to confirming it for publication.
3. Paper analysis by the editorial board is performed for all submitted articles. The editor-in-chief confirms the list of articles for the next issue. The editor-in-chief is entitled to decline the article in the case of ignoring peer-reviewers comments by the authors or sent the manuscript for an extra peer-review. The editor-in-chief chooses extra peer-reviewers among the members of the editorial board or the editorial committee.
The duration of the peer-review is organized in a way to minimize the time of publication. The maximal duration of a peer-review is 1 month.
The final list of articles for the next issue is confirmed by the editor-in-chief after the lay-outing and before printing. The Editing officer makes the corresponding author familiar with the lay-out status of the article prior to author confirms the final text of the paper for publication. This is responsibility of the author to perform proper translation and check the English text after the editing when required.
The process of informing authors about the results of peer-review:
- after the positive peer-review the paper is entered in the line for publication according to the priority which is determined individually for each article. Peer- reviewers comments and information about the approximate time of publication are provided to the corresponding author upon request by email (firstname.lastname@example.org);
- after the negative peer-review the reply of the reviewer and the decision to deny the publication are sent to the author;
- if the peer-review contains recommendations to correct some parts of the paper, the text of the article is sent to the author to make the corrections or/and reply the reviewer. In this case the date of the primary submission is registered as a submission date;
- in case of disagreement with the reviewer(s) the author has a right to provide the editorial office with a well-reasoned reply to a peer-review. Then the paper can be sent for an extra peer-review or becomes a subject of a discussion by the Editorial Board;
- the articles corrected by the authors are sent for a secondary peer-review.
The following papers are not accepted for submission:
- non-compliant with the “Rules of manuscript submission for publication” if the authors decline to correct the technical errors.
- in case the authors do not support the comments of the peer-reviewers and do not provide any well-reasoned disproof.
The declined papers can be resubmitted to the journal for the general peer- review after the major revision.
Ethical code of the “ SOCIOPOLITICAL SCIENCES ” journal
All the submitted papers are peer-reviewed by minimal 2 reviewers considering the originality, research content and ethical matters.
The compliance with the international ethical standards is of great significance for the all parties: authors, editors, reviewers, publishers.
This code is based on the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publications of the Committee of publication ethics.
The obligations of the editorial board
1. A decision to accept the article for the submission.
1.1 The editorial board of the “SOCIOPOLITICAL SCIENCES ” journal is responsible for the scientific contents of the journal. This decision is based on the peer-reviews of the manuscripts.
1.2 The editorial board follows the publication code of the journal and the copyright legal issues. The editor-in-chief may include additional editors during the decision-making process.
2.1. The members of the editorial office and reviewers are prohibited from disclaiming any information about the submitted paper and its content due to confidentiality (except the authors of the article, peer-reviewers, editorial members and publisher).
3. Disclosure and conflict of interests.
3.1. Non-published materials can not be used by the editorial office or the reviewers for a private use or for a transmission to a third party without a written author`s permission.
The obligations of the peer-reviewers
The peer-reviewers support the scientific editor in decision-making and support the author in improving the paper.
1.1. The papers submitted to the editorial office are considered confidential matters. The submitted papers must not be disclosed to any third parties, except those confirmed by the editorial office.
2. Confirmation of information sources.
2.1 The papers published or to be published in other journals are not accepted. The description of any methods, scientific facts or discussions must be supported by the correct reference. The peer-reviewers are obliged to inform the editorial office about any plagiarism detected in the paper.
2.2 Peer-reviewers should identify non-referenced research work. Each earlier reported evidence should be accompanied by a reference. Peer-reviewer is obliged to report any plagiarism, multiple, excessive and competitive publications or double publications.
3. Disclosure and conflict of interests.
3.1 Any private information or ideas discussed during the peer-review are confidential and are matters of non-disclosure. The peer-reviewer is prohibited of reviewing the paper in case of any conflict of interest with any of the authors, industry or any other organizations related to the current paper.
The obligations of the authors
1. Originality of the data and plagiarism
1.1. The authors are obliged to guarantee the originality of the paper. Any data from the other papers or research works must be noted and referred to.
2. Access to data and its storage
2.1. The authors are obliged to present the data related to the current paper if possible. The authors must store the data related to the current paper as long as possible after the publication.
3. Multiple, excessive and competitive publications
3.1 Authors are prohibited from publishing the same papers or the papers describing the same data in multiple journals.
3.2 The submission of the same paper to multiple journals is unethical and unacceptable.
4. Confirmation of references
4.1 The authors are obliged to refer to the research papers they used during the preparation of the paper.
5.1 The authorship of the paper must be limited to the persons who made a significant input into the concept, project, creation or interpretation of the data. Any other persons who made an input into some parts of the paper can be acknowledged.
5.2 The authors are obliged to guarantee that the list of the authors only contains people who made a significant input into the paper, and also that all the co-authors reviewed the paper, confirmed its final version and agreed to the publication.
6. Disclosure and conflict of interests.
6.1. All the authors and co-authors are obliged to disclose any financial or other conflict of interests, which may interfere with the results of the investigation.
7. Errors in the published papers
7.1 Authors are obliged to immediately address the editorial office in case of the detection of any errors or inaccuracies in the published paper.
Disclosure and Conflict of Interest
Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in a reviewer’s own research without the express written consent of the author. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage.
Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.
The editorial board of the “ SOCIOPOLITICAL SCIENCES ” journal use native russian-language plagiarism detection software Antiplagiat to screen the submissions. If plagiarism is identified, the COPE guidelines on plagiarism will be followed.