The Publishing house welcomes the submission of manuscripts that meet the general criteria of significance and scientific excellence. Papers will be published approximately two months after submission upon acceptance by the editorial board. All articles are peer-reviewed.

The following types of papers are considered for publication:
. Original articles in basic and applied research.
. Critical reviews, surveys, opinions, commentaries and essays.

Article Types

Four types of manuscripts may be submitted:

Regular articles

These should describe new and carefully confirmed findings, and experimental procedures should be given in sufficient detail for others to verify the work. The length of a full paper should be the minimum required to describe and interpret the work clearly.


Submissions of reviews and perspectives covering topics of current interest are welcome and encouraged. Reviews should be concise and no longer than 4-6 printed pages (about 12 to 18 manuscript pages). Reviews are also peer-reviewed.

Short Communications

 A Short Communication is suitable for recording the results of complete small investigations or giving details of new models or hypotheses. The style of main sections need not conform to that of full-length papers. Short communications are 2 to 4 printed pages (about 6 to 12 manuscript pages) in length.


Letters from any of the editors are published monthly on matters of topical interest.

Electronic submission

Electronic submission of manuscripts is strongly encouraged, provided that the text, tables, and figures are included in a single Microsoft Word file (preferably in Arial font, font size 12 and double line spacing).

Submit manuscripts 

Submit manuscripts as e-mail attachment to the Editorial Office at: An acknowledge mail bearing the manuscript number will be mailed to the corresponding author same day or within 48 hours of receipt.

The cover letter should include the corresponding author's full names, academic title, school address and telephone/fax numbers and should be in an e-mail message sent to the Editor, with the file, whose name should begin with the corresponding author's surname, as an attachment.

Regular articles

All portions of the manuscript must be typed double-spaced and all pages numbered starting from the title page.


The Title  should be a brief phrase describing the contents of the paper. The Title Page should include full names of all the authors' and affiliations (institutional addresses), the name of the corresponding author should be asterisk (*) and the corresponding author’s phone, fax and E-mail information should be provided. Present addresses of authors should appear as a footnote.


The Abstract  should be informative and completely self-explanatory, briefly present the topic, state the scope of the experiments, indicate significant data, and point out major findings and conclusions. The Abstract should be100 to 250 words in length. Complete sentences, active verbs, and the third person should be used, and the abstract should be written in the past tense. Standard nomenclature should be used and abbreviations should be avoided. No literature should be cited.


Keywords: A minimum of five (5) keywords that will provide indexing to the references should be stated.

Figure legends

Figure legends should be typed in numerical order on a separate sheet. Graphics should be prepared using applications capable of generating high resolution GIF, TIFF, JPEG or PowerPoint before pasting in the Microsoft Word manuscript file. Use Arabic numerals to designate figures and upper case letters for their parts (Figure 1). Begin each legend with a title and include sufficient description so that the figure is understandable without reading the text of the manuscript. Information given in legends should not be repeated in the text.


References:  In the text, a reference should be identified by a square bracketed numerical value e.g. [1]. When there are more one reference to be cited, it should be given as [2,3] or [3-6] and the name of the author should be written when a reference begins the sentence. 

References should be listed at the end of the paper in numerical order. Articles in preparation or articles submitted for publication, unpublished observations, personal communications, etc. should not be included in the reference list but should only be mentioned in the article text (e.g., A. Kingori, University of Nairobi, Kenya, personal communication). Journal names are abbreviated according to Chemical Abstracts. Authors are fully responsible for the accuracy of the references.