The role of the POLICE IN ensuring VETERINARY and EPIZOOTIC SURVEILLANCE in RUSSIA in the XVIII-th Century
( Pp. 27-31)

More about authors
Tarasova Irina Anatolievna Cand.Sci.(Law), Associate professor, Senior lecturer of the department of state, civil and law disciplines of the .
Moscow regional branch of the Moscow University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia named after V.YA. Kikot
Staroteryaevo, Moscow reg., Russia
Abstract:
The article aims to study the characteristics of police force activities of the Russian Empire in the development of veterinary and ensuring veterinary and epizootic surveillance in the eighteenth century. The object of the study is social relations connected with the provision of veterinary and epizootic supervision and development of veterinary science by police bodies in the Russian Empire. The subject of the study is the reference legal basis for the activities of police bodies, their functions, authorities, methods of activity in this area. The analysis of the activities of police agencies in the field of development of veterinary medicine and provision of veterinary and epizootic surveillance in the Russian Empire in the XVIII-th century has been performed with the use of historical and legal, comparative legal and comparative historical methods. On the basis of a number of facts the author demonstrates that ensuring veterinary and epizootic surveillance as well as ensuring sanitary and epidemiological surveillance was one of the police functions in the study period. The duties of police officers in this area were enshrined in a number of regulations. As part of the implementation of these normative acts, which established measures to prevent the spread of epizootics, the police improved their activities in this direction. It has been concluded that by the beginning of the XIX-th century sufficient experience was accumulated to create a system of veterinary and epizootic surveillance in the Russian Empire. However, the creation of this system was hindered by such factors as the lack of medical and veterinary personnel, the lack of specialized veterinary authorities and the national program to combat epizootics. Therefore, the effectiveness of police work was low, measures to prevent the spread of epizootics was limited by, in general, isolation of sick animals from healthy ones, blocking pestholes of epizootics, timely disposal of dead bodies of fallen cattle, measures for the prevention of infection of the population as a result of contact with sick and dead animals.
How to Cite:
Tarasova I.A., (2019), THE ROLE OF THE POLICE IN ENSURING VETERINARY AND EPIZOOTIC SURVEILLANCE IN RUSSIA IN THE XVIII-TH CENTURY. Gaps in Russian Legislation, 5 => 27-31.
Reference list:
Adrianov S.A. Ministerstvo Vnutrennikh Del. Istoricheskiy ocherk (1802-1901). SPb. 1902.
Analiticheskiy vestnik. № 17 (674). O sostoyanii epizooticheskoy obstanovki v Rossiyskoy Federatsii i predprinimaemykh protivoepizooticheskikh meropriyatiya po nedopushcheniyu massovykh zabolevaniy sel skokhozyaystvennykh zhivotnykh (k pravitel stvennomu chasu 414-go zasedaniya Soveta Federatsii Federal nogo Sobraniya Rossiyskoy Federatsii 14 iyunya 20217 g.) // Pod obshchey redaktsiey nachal nika Analiticheskogo upravleniya Apparata Soveta Federatsii doktora ekonomicheskikh nauk V. D. Krivova. Analiticheskoe upravlenie Apparata Soveta Federatsii, 09.06.2017.
Barinov E.KH., Mal tsev S.V. Frantsisk Keresturi - odin iz pervykh sudebnykh medikov Moskvy // Sudebno-meditsinskaya ekspertiza. M., 1998, № 6.
Bol shaya Sovetskaya Entsiklopediya. T. 4. (Brasos - Vesh). Tret e izdanie. M.: Izdatel stvo Sovetskaya entsiklopediya , 1971.
Iskhakov E.R., Linevich V.L. Uchastie politsii v okazanii meditsinskoy pomoshchi naseleniyu v Rossiyskoy imperii v pervoy polovine XVIII veka // Meditsinskiy vestnik MVD. 2015. № 4(77).
Kniga Ustav Morskoy o vsem chto kasaetsya upravleniyu v bytnosti flota na more (reprintnoe izdanie). - SPb.: Tipografiya morskogo shlyakhetskogo kadetskogo korpusa, 1763.
Krasil nikov S. V. Sel skaya politsiya i ee mesto v sisteme organov mestnogo samoupravleniya vo vtoroy polovine XVIII veka // Istoriya gosudarstva i prava. M.: 2009, № 2.
Mineeva T.I. Istoriya veterinarii: Uchebnoe posobie. - SPb.: Izdatel stvo Lan , 2005.
Mineeva T.I. Istoriya bor by s epizootiyami. M., 1999.
Polnoe sobranie zakonov Rossiyskoy imperii (dalee - PSZRI). Sobranie pervoe. T. IX. № 6378, 6426, 6746.
PSZRI. Sobranie pervoe. T. XIV. № 10.581, 10582, 10584.
Rizvanova T.R. Gubernskie vlasti i organy mestnogo samoupravleniya YUzhnogo Urala v bor be s epidemiyami i epizootiyami v kontse KHIX - nachale KHKH vv.: Diss. kand. istor. nauk. Ufa, 2011.
Rossiyskoe zakonodatel stvo X-XX vv. T. 4. M., 1986.
Fel dman F.E. O rodine chumy rogatogo skota i merakh protiv etoy epizootii. SPb., 1882.
KHanykov YA.V. Ocherki istorii meditsinskoy politsii v Rossii // Iz ZHurnala MVD. CH. XXXIV. Kn. 4. SPb.,1851.