Some aspects of the use of distributed ledger technology (blockchain) in relation to real estate transactions (contracts, etc.): the experience of Russia and foreign countries
( Pp. 74-82)

More about authors
Belikova Ksenia M. Dr. Sci. (Law), Professor, Professor of the Department of Civil Law and Process and International Private Law of the Law Institute
Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)
Moscow, Russian Federation
Abstract:
This article is aimed at identifying the approaches of a number of foreign countries that are being implemented to address the issues of using distributed ledger technology (blockchain) in relation to real estate transactions, and some aspects of the situation in Russia. The starting point of the research is the currently observed creeping networking - the establishment of non-market communication, which is beginning to replace purely monetary regulators in the economy, law and other spheres of the life of the society. In this format the article analyzes approaches of foreign countries that create patterns of permissibility and assent of different applications of distributed ledger technology (blockchain) in relation to real estate transactions (sale & purchase contracts, leases, etc.), the potential of such an application and the existing legal (including mentality, tradition, etc.) basis based on analytical reflections on the information gathered from sources and literature from the list of references. The author reveals the dependence of the permissibility (acceptability, acceptance, etc.) of using distributed real estate ledgers in foreign countries on the degree of involvement of the intermediary (Registrar of rights, etc.) in real estate transactions and the notary system in force in the country. The relevance, theoretical and practical significance of such a research is due to the fact that a number of approaches to legislation can be useful in finding answers to similar questions related to the understanding, development and adoption of a similar approach by our country, and the fact that this study serves to fill in the existing gap in the coverage of legal and other approaches of foreign countries in the field under study in the modern period. The author's results are presented among others in the idea that the more types of real estate registration in the countries under study are not required, the better space for implementing blockchain-based transactions will there still be. This prospect, however, is negated by the desire of the parties themselves to register transactions & contracts that according to law does not need any registrations in order to create a legal certainty regime for themselves.
How to Cite:
Belikova K.M., (2020), SOME ASPECTS OF THE USE OF DISTRIBUTED LEDGER TECHNOLOGY (BLOCKCHAIN) IN RELATION TO REAL ESTATE TRANSACTIONS (CONTRACTS, ETC.): THE EXPERIENCE OF RUSSIA AND FOREIGN COUNTRIES. Gaps in Russian Legislation, 5 => 74-82.
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Keywords:
distributed ledger technology, blockchain, transactions (sale & purchase contracts etc.) with real estate, Latin notary countries, Anglo-Saxon notary countries, registration of real estate (sale & purchase contracts leases etc.), land, property-smart, smart contracts.


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