Climate Policy of the United States: Features of Evolution and the Current State
( Pp. 24-32)

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Kovalev Yuri Yu. Cand. Sci. (Geograph.), Associate Professor, Department of Theory and History of International Relations
Ural Federal University named after First President of the Russian Federation B.N. Yeltsin
Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation
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Abstract:
The purpose of this article is to analyze the features of the formation and evolution of the US climate policy, the influence of internal and external factors on its formation and evolution. The United States is one of the main players in global climate policy. Over the past 30 years, they have held a special position in the negotiation process within the framework of the Climate Conferences of the Parties (COP). This position is characterized: the protection of their national interests, the use of market instruments and bilateral relations in the fight against global climate change. The United States insisted and continues to insist on the acceptance of voluntary commitments by all countries of the world to reduce CO2 emissions. In addition, the US position against global climate change is cyclical: under the presidency of the Democratic Party, more ambitious programs are adopted than under the Republican ones. Decisions made by the president of the country have a low legal status and can be quickly changed after the arrival of a new president. The United States is currently the world leader in the fight against climate change. President J. Biden pointed to the goals of achieving carbon neutrality in the United States by 2050 and is widely pursuing a policy of ecological transformation of the national economy, protection of ecosystems and biodiversity. However, this policy can be easily crossed out by his successor, as it already happened in 2017 during the reign of President D. Trump.
How to Cite:
Kovalev Y.Y., (2022), CLIMATE POLICY OF THE UNITED STATES: FEATURES OF EVOLUTION AND THE CURRENT STATE. History and Modern Perspectives, 1: 24-32.
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Keywords:
global climate change, USA, ecological transformation, Kyoto Protocol, Paris Agreement, carbon neutrality.