The management of alternatives of choosing in reference decisions making in fire extinguishing tactics
( Pp. 39-47)

More about authors
Anikin Sergei N. postgraduate at the Department of Fire Tactics and Service (as part of the educational and scientific fire-fighting complex)
State Fire Academy of Emercom of Russia
Moscow, Russian Federation Danilov Mikhail M. Cand. Sci. (Eng.); associate professor at the Department of Fire Tactics and Service (as part of the educational and scientific fire-fighting complex)
State Fire Academy of Emercom of Russia
Moscow, Russian Federation Denisov Denisov N. Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor; professor at the Department of Fire Tactics and Service (as part of the educational and scientific fire-fighting complex)
State Fire Academy of Emercom of Russia
Moscow, Russian Federation
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Abstract:
The purpose of research. The article discusses the procedure for finding alternatives to a management solution based on weighted boundary conditions of firefighting, taking into account deviations in firefighting tactics. The purpose of the research is the substantiate the possibility of making reference decisions on fire extinguishing based on the analysis of alternatives of the choice of the reference decisions in the tactics of fire extinguishing. This is necessary to determine the main directions of development of the control system of fire and rescue units in the context of the development of ongoing changes in the modern mechanism of regulation in the field of fire safety within the competence of the participants in extinguishing the fire, who makes these reference decisions. Results. The result of the research shows the authors came to the conclusion that the system of making reference decisions in firefighting reflects the classical principle of minimizing empirical risk for a finite set of alternatives by the operational management in decision-making. In the task of making reference decisions depending on the boundary conditions, the fire extinguishing manager needs to find an unknown set of alternatives in achieving the main task. The authors conclude that the empirical risk function that occurs for each alternative from the set of fire-fighting boundary conditions is determined for the assessment, and the desired values should minimize this function. Deviations in the boundary conditions of fire extinguishing were considered here. In this case, the amount of distortion of the empirical risk function depends on the values of distortions in the empirical distribution of losses of the reference solution of fire extinguishing. If there are a lot of distortions, and they are large, minimizing such an empirical risk function will lead to a distortion of the desired conditions for choosing a management decision. To do this, you should resort to the class of M-means, which include almost all well-known functions for calculating the average value of the alternative to choosing a management decision when managing the actions of fire and rescue units.
How to Cite:
Anikin S.N., Danilov M.M., Denisov D.N., (2020), THE MANAGEMENT OF ALTERNATIVES OF CHOOSING IN REFERENCE DECISIONS MAKING IN FIRE EXTINGUISHING TACTICS. Computational Nanotechnology, 4: 39-47. DOI: 10.33693/2313-223X-2020-7-4-39-47
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Keywords:
alternative of choice, fire control, tactical actions, deviations in extinguishing.