Criminal regulation of incompleted crime grades in Soviet legislation
( Pp. 39-43)

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Uzdenov Rasul Magometovich kand. yurid. nauk. Dolzhnost: docent.; Podrazdelenie: kafedra ugolovnogo prava i processa
North Caucasian Federal University
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Urgency of an issue and study objective. Urgency of an issue, mentioned in the article name, is determined by a need for conducting permanent search of optimal legislative decisions, in relation to the institution of incompleted crime in particular. The study of this issue requires to address the information about foundation of corresponding institution of legislation as a historical process, including its soviet period. Though, the issue upon consideration was already reviewed in studies: both in Russian (see e.g. Grin' M.V. “Incompleted crime: Thesis, candidate of legal science, Krasnodar, 2003- 208p.) and foreign (see e.g. Lun Chanhai. Study of crime components according to criminal law of PRC and Russia: Thesis, candidate of legal science, Vladivostok, 2009, 218p.) papers, the historical aspect of incompleted crime institution is still not fully studied as the corresponding issues were reviewed just formally, not as the main subject. In this article we try to analyse the process of incompleted crime institution foundation in the soviet period. The methodological basis of this study includes: dialectical principles of social reality perception, the points of systemic approach to analyze social-legal phenomena, private-scientific methods of criminal studies (legal-historical, legal-comparative, formal-logic, method of documentation study, etc.) Main study results. In the time frame under study, attempted crime category went from comparatively specific terminology to more broad definition in following steps, put into chronological order: specific attempted crime definition was associated only with completed attempt as it was stated in “Governing Codes on Criminal Code, RSFSR 1919; there was an effort to split attempted crime into completed and incompleted in RSFSR Criminal Code of 1922; unified definition of attempted crime was defined in 1960 RSFSR Criminal Code. The meaning of term − preparation of crime − changed more dramatically since it was first mentioned. For a long period of time - from 1919 to 1928 - soviet legislation identified three types of amenability for preparation of crime: full impunity for preparation of crime (RSFSR Criminal Code of 1922); penalties for preparation of crime as an exception, when preparatory actions for a crime were performed by a socially dangerous person (amendment to section 12 of 1922 Criminal Code of RSFSR, incorporated in 1923); penalties for a crime as for crime attempt and completed crime (RSFSR Criminal Code of 1926 and further Criminal Code of 1960). This paper has scientific and practical significance as its conclusions can be used to: - mprove lawmaking and law enforcement activities in realization of criminal standards of incompleted crime institution; - study criminal law program in legal colleges and universities and in further training; - perform research to further develop points connected to the study of incompleted crime institution. This article could be useful for students, post-graduate students, legal school professors, law enforcement officers, practicing lawyers and for everyone, who is interested in this issue
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the history of the legislation, the Soviet period, some crime, attempt, cooking.