The problem of the historical path of Russia in theory and politics
( Pp. 13-18)

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Dolenko Dmitry V. doktor politicheskih nauk, professor; professor kafedry vseobschey istorii, politologii i regionovedeniya
National Research Ogarev Mordovia State University Makshaeva Evgenia N. kandidat istoricheskih nauk; docent kafedry vseobschey istorii, politologii i regionovedeniya
National Research Ogarev Mordovia State University Malchenkov Stanislav A. kandidat istoricheskih nauk; docent kafedry vseobschey istorii, politologii i regionovedeniya
Ogarev Mordovia State University
Saransk, Russian Federation
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Abstract:
Objective. The main goal of this work is to analyze the main conceptual approaches to the problem of the historical path of Russia both in the field of theory and in official politics. This problem has been central in the domestic political and socio-philosophical discourse for many centuries. In recent years, there has been a noticeable interest in this topic by foreign authors, including A. Lynch, С. Miller, K.J. Mjor, A. Segrillo. Conclusions. In domestic science, there are three main conceptual approaches to the problem of the historical path of Russia: A universal (main) path, a unique (distinctive) path and an integral path. All these approaches at different historical stages of the development of the Russian state to a certain extent influenced state policy. The strongest influence on politics was exerted by the Marxist-Leninist concept of the transition from capitalism to socialism, which was viewed as the path of human development. The radical political and economic reforms of the 1990s were accompanied by a change in the concept of the main path: The path to democracy and a market economy was considered as such. The new concept at the political level combined universal human values and Russian traditions. As a result, reforms aimed at the transition to democracy and a market economy were accompanied by a change in the concept of the main path of humanity and the recognition of the need for Russia to accept universal human values while preserving domestic traditions. Originality/value. The paper attempts to compare three possible ways of Russia’s development and to trace the mechanisms of their implementation in practical politics.
How to Cite:
Dolenko D.V., Makshaeva E.N., Malchenkov S.A., (2021), THE PROBLEM OF THE HISTORICAL PATH OF RUSSIA IN THEORY AND POLITICS. Sociopolitical Sciences, 2 => 13-18. DOI: 10.33693/2223-0092-2021-11-2-13-18
Reference list:
Lynch A. The influence of regime type on Russian foreign policy toward the West , 1992-2015 // Communist and Post-Communist Studies. March 2016. Vol. 49. Issue 1. Rp. 101-111.
Miller S. Will Russia s pivot to Asia last // Orbis. 2020. Vol. 64. Issue 1. Rp. 43-57.
Mjor K.J. The Slavophile idea of Russia // History of Philosophy. January 2019. Vol. 24. Rp. 122-134.
Segrillo A. Russia: Europe or Asia The question of Russia s identity in the discussions between Westernizers, Slavophiles and Eurasianists and an analysis of the consequences in present-day Russia. Sao Paolo, 2020. 369 p.
Danilevskiy N.YA. Rossiya i Evropa. M.: Kniga, 1991. 576 s.
Desyatyy s ezd RKP(b). Mart 1921 goda. Stenograficheskiy otchet. M., 1963. 727 s.
Mal chenkov S.A. TSivilizatsionnyy vybor Rossii: 12 vekov mezhdu Zapadom i Vostokom. Saransk: Izd-vo Mordov. un-ta, 2015. 176 s.
Panarin A.S. Revansh istorii: rossiyskaya strategicheskaya initsiativa v XXI veke. M.: Logos, 1998. 389 s.
Programma Kommunisticheskoy partii Sovetskogo Soyuza. Prinyata XXII s ezdom KPSS. M.: Politizdat, 1976. 144 s.
Programma Kommunisticheskoy partii Sovetskogo Soyuza: Novaya redaktsiya. Prinyata XXVII s ezdom KPSS. M.: Politizdat, 1986. 80 s.
Putin V.V. Rossiya na rubezhe tysyacheletiy // Nezavisimaya gazeta. 30 dekabrya 1999.
Poslanie Prezidenta Federal nomu Sobraniyu ot 01.03.2018. URL: http://www.kremlin.ru/events/president/transcripts/messages/56957
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Solzhenitsyn A.I. Pis mo vozhdyam Sovetskogo Soyuza. Parizh: YMCA-Press, 1974. 52 s.
Keywords:
Russia, historical path, main path, own path, integral path, capitalism, socialism, democracy, market economy, economic and political reforms.


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