METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF FORMATION OF CONCEPTS AND CATEGORIES IN RESEARCHES OF FEDERAL RELATIONS
(95-99)

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Platonov Vladimir M. PhD in law, Head of the Department of Political Analysis and Government, Faculty of Humanitarian and Social Sciences
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Annotation:
the present article is intended to reveal methodological features of formation of concepts and categories in researches of the federal relations on the basis of culturological approach to law. The author analyses from interdisciplinary positions the logical models, linguistic forms reflecting specifics of federalism and being a part of the respective political and legal culture. The conclusion is that it is unproductive to speak about unity of its conceptual characteristics in the frames of historical period of its existence. The author proves that the concept of federalism is historically caused and changeable, dependent on concrete historical and cultural conditions in which the federalism is shown at different stages of its existence. Reflecting initially specific forms of interstate interaction, concept of federalism, being a product of the western political and legal cultures, has so far undergone essential changes and designates the special political relations in the state between various levels of the public political power, and also specifics of functioning of civil institutes in society. from the point of view of the concepts and categories, three approaches to definition of federalism are possible. They differ from each other by the volume of the concept of federalism, and also by the degree of applicability of the corresponding treatment in the conditions of typologically other, non-european political and legal cultures. So, the federalism can reflect the way of life, the principles of the organization of society, ideology, specifics of political and legal culture and certain cultural and historical tendencies characterizing society; the federalism can be understood as ideology and the principle of the organization of the political relations in wide sense - that is not only the relations between subjects of the government, but also the relations between the state and civil society; the federalism can be implemented only in the political relations between public authorities of various level, and also between public authorities and local governments. If the first two approaches aren't universal, then the third approach representing the formal, but not substantial characteristics of federalism, may be applied in various cultural and historical contexts.
How to Cite:
Platonov V.M., (2018), METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF FORMATION OF CONCEPTS AND CATEGORIES IN RESEARCHES OF FEDERAL RELATIONS. Sociopolitical Sciences, 4: 95-99.
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