To the question about victim in criminal law
( Pp. 148-153)

More about authors
Firsakov Sergei Vasiljevich kand. yurid. nauk, docent. Dolzhnost: professor. Mesto raboty: Moskovskiy gosudarstvennyy lingvisticheskiy universitet. Podrazdelenie: kafedra ugolovno-pravovyh disciplin.
Moscow State Linguistic University Savinkov Anton Andreevich aspirant. Mesto ucheby: Moskovskiy gosudarstvennyy lingvisticheskiy universitet. Podrazdelenie: kafedra ugolovno-pravovyh disciplin
Moscow State Linguistic University
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Abstract:
Background: Establishment of the substance of the concept «victim» in criminal law and working out some offers on improvement the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (CC of the RF) in the part of victim definition. Materials and Methods: Research in the sphere of criminal law, based on study of some positions of scientists, practical specialists and on analysis of foreign experience (Germany, Canada and Belorussia). Results: There is no common understanding of victim in the theory of criminal law. Offers of scientists to include individual entrepreneur, some organizations, society and state into definition of victim seem to be disputable. It is expedient to take into consideration breach of business reputation of a physical person. On the background of foreign experience, we offer to include the definition of victim in the Common Part of the CC of the RF. Victim is a physical person, to whom some physical, property, moral damage and (or) damage of business reputation is caused because of a crime. Victim is also a judicial person, to which some property damage and (or) damage of business reputation is caused because of a crime. We offer to delete the definition of victim out of the Criminal-procedural code of the Russian Federation to prevent iteration of terms. Conclusion: The article is addressed to researches in the sphere of criminal law, officials of legislative, law-enforcement bodies and courts. The material of the article can be useful in the future study of victim in criminal law and in understanding of victim in the modern conditions of science and legislation.
How to Cite:
Firsakov S.V., Savinkov A.A., (2016), TO THE QUESTION ABOUT VICTIM IN CRIMINAL LAW. Gaps in Russian Legislation, 5 => 148-153.
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Keywords:
the victim, harm, society, the state, goodwill.


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