THE EVOLUTION OF THE MATHEMATICAL AND TECHNICAL ASPECTS OF HEAVY ION BEAM PROBE PLASMA DIAGNOSTICS
( Pp. 31-57)

More about authors
Melnikov Alexander Vladimirovich zamestitel rukovoditelya otdeleniya tokamakov Kurchatovskogo kompleksa termoyadernoy energetiki i plazmennyh tehnologiy NIC «Kurchatovskiy institut»; professor kafedry fiziki plazmy
National Research Centre «Kurchatov Institute»; National Nuclear Research University MEPhI
For read the full article, please, register or log in
Abstract:
The paper analyzes the way of development of thermonuclear plasma diagnostics - Heavy Ion Beam Probing in application to the toroidal devices with magnetic plasma confinement. The mathematical foundations of the diagnostic method of plasma probing by a beam of heavy ions and inverse problems of processing the results of experiments, originated whith inspiring participation of Professor Yuri Nikolaevich Dnestrovsky, are considered. Diagnostic systems for probing plasma of tokamaks TM-4, TJ-I, TUMAN-3 and T-10, stellarators WEGA, TJ-II and Uragan-2M created with the support of the Yu. N. Dnestrovsky, are presented. Also given the promising results of the project work on the use of HIBP to various existing modern installations, such as TCV, TCABR, MAST, COMPASS, GLOBUS-M and W7-X and the International thermonuclear experimental tokamak-reactor ITER, currently on construction. The paper presents results of the experimental study of plasma electric potential in toroidal systems with magnetic confinement. The study is based on the data of unique diagnostics to study the potential in the core plasmas - Heavy Ion Beam Probing (HIBP), as well as other diagnostics. Paper describes HIBP diagnostic systems for probing the plasmas of the T-10 tokamak and the TJ-II stellarator and of geodesic acoustic modes of plasma oscillations and Alfvén Eigenmodes excited by fast particles of Neutral Beam Injection heating are described. A wide range of the operational modes of tokamak and stellarator with different magnetic configurations and methods of plasma heating was investigated. General regularities in the behavior of the electric potential and turbulence in a magnetized plasma were revealed.
How to Cite:
Melnikov A.V., (2018), THE EVOLUTION OF THE MATHEMATICAL AND TECHNICAL ASPECTS OF HEAVY ION BEAM PROBE PLASMA DIAGNOSTICS. Computational Nanotechnology, 1 => 31-57.
Reference list:
Tikhonov A.N. Arsenin V.YA. Metody resheniya nekorrektnykh zadach. M.: Nauka, 1979.
Dnestrovskiy YU.N., Kostomarov D.P., Mel nikov A.V. Matematicheskie zadachi aktivnoy korpuskulyarnoy diagnostiki plazmy // Vestnik Mosk. un-ta. 1979. Ser. 15: Vychisl. matem. i kibern. № 3. C. 20-28.
Melnikov A.V. Applied and fundamental aspects of fusion science // Nature physics. 2016. V. 12. P. 386-390.
Van Oost G. Importance of radial electric fields for magnetically confined plasmas. This issue. R. 82-90.
Kadomtsev B.B. Kollektivnye yavleniya v plazme. M.: Nauka, 1988.
Burrell K.H. Carlstrom T.N., Doyle E.J., et al. Physics of the L-mode to H-mode transition in tokamaks // Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion. 1992. V. 34. P. 1859.
Tendler M. Major achievements and challenges of fusion research // Phys. Scr. 2015. V. 90. P. 098002.
Mel nikov A.V. Issledovanie elektricheskogo potentsiala termoyadernoy plazmy s magnitnym uderzhaniem // Computational nanotechnology. 2017. Vyp. 2. S. 13-23.
Dnestrovskij Yu.N., Melnikov A.V., Krupnik L.I. and Nedzelskij I.S. Development of Heavy Ion Beam Probe Diagnostics // IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 1994. V. 22. No. 4. P. 310-331.
Jobes F.C. and Hickok R.L. A direct measurement of plasma space potential // Nucl. Fusion. 1970. V. 10. P. 195-197.
Bugarya V.I., Gorshkov A.V., Grashin S.A. i dr. Elektricheskiy potentsial i skorost toroidal nogo i poloidal nogo vrashcheniya v tokamake // ZHETF Pis ma. 1983. T. 38. № 7. S. 337-341.
Bugarya V.I., Gorshkov A.V., Grashin S.A. et al. Measurements of plasma column rotation and potential in the TM-4 Tokamak // Nucl. Fusion. 1985. V. 25. № 12. P. 1707-1717.
Donn A.J.H., Melnikov A.V., Van Oost G. Diagnostics for radial electric field measurements in hot magnetized plasmas // Czech. J. Phys. 2002. V. 55. P. 1077.
Melnikov A.V. et al. Heavy ion beam probing - diagnostics to study potential and turbulence in toroidal plasmas // Nucl. Fusion. 2017, 57. R. 072004.
Askinazi L.G., Kornev V.A., Lebedev S.V., et al. Heavy ion beam probe development for the plasma potential measurement on the TUMAN-3M tokamak // Rev. Sci. Instrum. 2004. V. 75. P. 3517.
Cabral J.A.C. et al, The Heavy Ion Beam Diagnostic for the tokamak ISTTOK // IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, (Aug 1994), Vol. 22, Issue 4. R. 350.
Bondarenko I.S., Gubarev S.P., Krupnik L.I. i dr. Diagnostika plazmy puchkom tyazhelykh ionov na tokamake T-10 // Fizika plazmy. 1992. T. 18. S. 110.
Melnikov A., Hidalgo C., Ido T., et al. Plasma Potential in Toroidal Devices: T-10, TJ-II, CHS and LHD // Plasma and Fusion Research. 2012. Vol. 7. R. 2402114.
Mel nikov A.V., Dyabilin K.S., Eliseev L.G., Lysenko S.E., Dnestrovskiy YU.N. Izmereniya i modelirovanie elektricheskogo potentsiala v stellaratore TJ-II // VANT, (2011) Seriya: Termoyadernyy sintez. Vyp. 3. S. 54-73.
Lei J., Shah U., Demers D.R., Connor K.A. and Schoch P.M. Calibration and initial operation of the HIBP on the MST // Rev. Sci. Instrum. 2001. V. 72. P. 564.
Yoshikawa M., Sakamoto M., Miyata Y., et al. Potential Fluctuation Study from the Core Plasma to End Region in GAMMA 10 // Nucl. Fusion. 2013. V. 53. P. 073031.
Dreval N., Krupnik L., Hidalgo C., et al. Features of HIBP diagnostics application to stellarator-like devices. // Problems Atomic Sci. Technol. 2005. No 2. Series: Plasma Physics (11). P. 223-225.
Dnestrovskiy YU.N., Krupnik L.I., Mel nikov A.V., Nedzel skiy I.S. Opredelenie plotnosti plazmy metodom zondirovaniya puchkami tyazhelykh ionov // Fizika plazmy. 1986. T. 12, № 2. S. 223.
Schwelberger J.G., Aceto S.C., Connor K.A., et al. Electron density profile measurement with a heavy ion beam probe // Rev. Sci. Instr. 1990. V. 61. P. 2959.
Levinton F.M. The motional Stark effect: Overview and future development // Rev. Sci. Instrum. 1999. V. 70. P. 810.
Dnestrovskiy YU.N., Mel nikov A.V. Opredelenie profilya toka v plazme metodom zondirovaniya puchkom tyazhelykh ionov // Fizika plazmy. 1986. T. 12, № 6. S. 687.
Weisen H. et al. On the Possibility of Using a Heavy Ion Beam Probe for Local Poloidal Flux Measurements in a Tokamak // Fusion Sci. Technol. 2011. Vol. 59, № 2. P. 418-426.
Mel nikov A.V. Elektricheskiy potentsial v plazme toroidal nykh ustanovok. Monografiya. M.: NIYAU MIFI, 2015. 260 s.
Melnikov A.V., Eliseev L.G, Jim nez-G mez R., et al. Study of Alfv n Eigenmodes in the TJ-II stellarator // Plasma and Fusion Research. 2010. V. 5. P. S2019.
Simcic V.J. Crowley T.P., Schoch P.M., et al. Internal Magnetic and Electrostatic Fluctuation Measurements of MHD Modes in the TEXT Tokamak // Phys. Fluids B. 1993. V. 5. P. 1576.
Zenin V.N. Geodezicheskie akusticheskie mody v tokamakakh. Nastoyashchiy vypusk. S. 108-113.
Melnikov A.V., Eliseev L.G., Lysenko S.E., Ufimtsev M.V., Zenin V.N. Study of interactions between GAMs and broadband turbulence in the T-10 tokamak // Nucl. Fusion. 2017. 57. R. 115001.
Powers E.J. Spectral techniques for experimental investigation of plasma diffusion due to polychromatic fluctuations // Nucl. Fusion. 1974. 14. R. 74.
Melnikov A.V., Eliseev L.G., Alonso A. et al. Plasma potentiprofi s and oscillati in ECRH and NBI plasmas in the TJ-II stellarator // 37th EPS Conf. on Plasma Physics. Dublin, 2010. Rep. P. 1.066.
Melnikov A.V. et al. Alfv en Eigenmodes Properties and Dynamics in the TJ-II Stellarator // Nucl. Fusion. 2012, 52. R. 123004.
Melnikov A.V. et al, The changes in plasma potential and turbulent particle flux in the core plasma measured by heavy ion beam probe during L-H-transitions in the TJ-II stellarator // Nuclear Fusion. 2013, 53. R. 092002.
Eliseev L.G. et al. Study of GAMs and related turbulent particle flux with HIBP in the T-10 tokamak // Probl. At. Sci. Technol. Ser. Plasma Phys. 2017. Vol. 107, № 1. P. 241-243.
Eliseev L.G. et al. Measurement of geodesic acoustic modes and the turbulent particle flux in the T-10 tokamak plasmas // J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 2017. Vol. 907, № 1.
Eliseev L.G. et al. Measurement of geodesic acousti modes and the turbulent parti fl in the T-10 tokamak plasmas // XLIV mezhdunarodnaya (zvenigorodskaya) konferentsiya po fizike plazmy i upravlyaemomu termoyadernomu sintezu, M-24, 2017.
KHabanov F.O. CHislennyy analiz lokal nosti izmereniy kolebaniy plotnosti plazmy s pomoshch yu zondirovaniya puchkom tyazhelykh ionov. Nastoyashchiy vypusk. S. 25-30.
Zenin V.N. et al. Study of poloidal structure of geodesic acoustic modes in the T-10 tokamak with heavy ion beam probing // Probl. At. Sci. Technol. 2014. Vol. 94, № 6. P. 269-271.
Melnikov A.V. et al. The features of the global GAM in OH and ECRH plasmas in the T-10 tokamak // Nucl. Fusion. 2015. Vol. 55. P. 63001.
Bondarenko I.S., Krupnik L.I., Nedzel skii I.S. and Mel nikov A.V. Plasma probing with a heavy ion beam in the TM-4 tokama // Sov. Journal Tech. Phys. 1986. 31. R. 1390. (Zhurnal tekhnicheskoi fiziki. 1986. 56 (12). R. 2320-2328).
Bondarenko I.S., Krupnik L.I., Mel nikov A.V., Nedzel skiy I.S. Diagnosticheskiy kompleks i tekhnika izmereniy parametrov plazmy puchkom tyazhelykh ionov na ustanovke TM-4. III Vsesoyuznoe soveshchanie po diagnostike vysokotemperaturnoy plazmy: sb. dokladov. Dubna, 1983. S. 160.
Melnikov A.V. et al. HIBP diagnostics on T-10 // Rev. Sci. Instrum. 1995, 66. R. 317.
Bondarenko I.S., Gubarev S.P., Krupnik L.I., i dr. Diagnostika plazmy puchkom tyazhelykh ionov na tokamake T-10 // Fizika plazmy. 1992. T. 18. S. 110.
Melnikov A.V., Kharchev N.K., Eliseev L.G., et al, Calibration of the heavy ion beam probe parallel plate analyzer using the gas target and reference beam // Rev. Sci. Instrum. 1997, 68. R. 308.
Krupnik L.I., Melnikov A.V., Nedselskij I.S. Development of beam probe diagnostics and recent measurements on the TJ-1 and T-10 tokamaks // Fusion Engineering and Design. March 1997. Vol. 34-35. Rp. 639-644.
Melnikov A.V., Krupnik L.I., Nedzelskij I.S. and Kharchev N.K. Plasma potential measurements in the T-10 tokamak // Proceedings of the 18th EPS Conference on Control. Fusion and Plasma Physics. Berlin, Germany, 1991. Vol. 15 C, part IV. R. 221.
Melnikov A.V. et al. Space and time evolution of plasma potential in T-10 // Proceedings of the 23rd EPS Conference on Control. Fusion and Plasma Physics. Kyiv, Ukraine, 1996. Vol. I. R. 434.
Melnikov A.V., Tarasyan K.N., Vershkov V.A., et al. Space and time evolution of plasma potential in T-10 under variation of main gas influx // IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science. Aug. 1994. Vol. 22, Issue 4. Rp. 363-368.
KHarchev N.K. Korrektsiya toroidal nogo smeshcheniya diagnosticheskogo puchka tyazhelykh ionov. Nastoyashchiy vypusk. S. 58-61.
Drabinskiy M.A. Tekhnicheskie voprosy izmereniya elektricheskogo potentsiala metodom zondirovaniya plazmy puchkom tyazhelykh ionov. Nastoyashchiy vypusk. S. 62-70.
Bondarenko I.S. et al. Heavy ion beam probe diagnostics on TJ-1 tokamak and the measurements of the plasma potential and density profiles // Rev. Sci. Instrum. 1997. Vol. 68, № 1. P. 312-315.
Melnikov A.V. et al. Heavy ion beam probe systems for tight aspect ratio tokamaks // Rev. Sci. Instrum. 1997. Vol. 68, № 1. P. 316-319.
Krupnik L.I. et al. The heavy ion beam probing development for WEGA stellarator // Fusion Sci. Technol. 2006. Vol. 50, № 2. P. 276-280.
Podoba Y. et al. First HIBP results on the WEGA Stellarator // AIP Conference Proceedings. AIP, 2008. Vol. 993, № 1. P. 235-238.
Bondarenko I.S. et al. HIBP results on the WEGA Stellarator // Probl. At. Sci. Technol. Ser. Plasma Phys. 2009. Vol. 1, № 15. P. 28-30.
Krupnik L.I., Mel nikov A.V., Nedzel skiy I.S., i dr. Diagnostika plazmy puchkom tyazhelykh ionov na stellaratore U-2M // Fizika plazmy. 1994. T. 20, № 2. S. 189.
Hidalgo S. et al. On the influence of ECRH on neoclassical and anomalous mechanisms using a dual heavy ion beam probe diagnostic in the TJ-II stellarator 2016 (26-th IAEA Fusion Energy Conf. (2016, Kyoto, Japan)) Rep. EX/P7-44, https://nucleus.iaea.org/sites/fusion- portal/Shared 20Documents/FEC 202016/fec2016-preprints/pre- print0209.pdf.
Melnikov A.V., Eliseev L.G, Jim nez-G mez R. et al. Study of Alfv n Eigenmodes in the TJ-II stellarator // Plasma and Fusion Research. 2010. V. 5. P. S2019.
Melnikov A.V., Hidalgo C., Eliseev L.G., et al. Plasma potential and turbulence dynamics in toroidal devices (survey of T-10 and TJ-II experiments) // Nucl. Fusion. 2011. V. 51. P. 083043.
Melnikov A.V. et al, Study of NBI-driven chirping mode properties and radial location by the heavy ion beam probe in the TJ-II stellarator // Nucl. Fusion. 2016, 56. R. 112019.
Alonso J.A. et al. Observation of oscillatory radial electric field relaxation in a helical plasma // Physical Review Letters. 2017, 118. R. 185002.
Chmyga A.A. et al. PLASMA DIAGNOSTICS HEAVY ION BEAM PROBE DESIGN STUDY FOR TCABR // Probl. At. Sci. Technol. Ser. Plasma Phys. 2003. Vol. 1. P. 160-162.
Kuznetsov Yu.K. et al. Long-distance correlations in TCABR biasing experiments // Nucl. Fusion. 2012, 52. R. 063004.
Melnikov A.V. et al. Heavy ion beam probe systems for tight aspect ratio tokamaks // Rev. Sci. Instrum. 1997. Vol. 68, № 1. P. 316-319.
Melnikov A.V., Perfilov S.V. Heavy Ion Beam Probe (HIBP) diagnostics design study for GLOBUS-M tokamak // 26th EPS Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, ECA 23J, 1999. P. 4.116.
Melnikov A.V. et al. Quasicoherent modes in the COMPASS tokamak // Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion. 2015, 57. R. 065006.
Seidl J. et al. Electromagneti characteristi of geodesic acousti mode in the COMPASS tokamak // Nucl. Fusion. 2017, 57. R. 126048.
Siegrist M.R. et al. The Heavy Ion Beam Diagnostic Project for the TCV Tokamak // 21st IEEE/NPS Symposium on Fusion Engineering SOFE 05. IEEE. 2005. Vol. 0, № C. P. 1-4.
Melnikov A.V, Perfilov S.V, Sharapov S.E. Heavy ion beam probe for studying potential and turbulence on MAST // Proc. 37th EPS Conf. on Plasma Physics, ECA. 2010. Vol. 34A. P. 5.120.
Melnikov A.V, Perfilov S.V. Heavy ion beam probe for MAST // Rev. Sci. Instrum. 1999.
Melnikov A.V. et al. Physical Program and Conceptual Design of the Diagnostics of the T-15 Upgrade Tokamak // Fusion Engineering and Design. 2015, 96-97. R. 306-310.
Mel nikov A.V., Eliseev L.G., Lysenko S.E. i dr. Dal nie korrelyatsii geodezicheskikh akusticheskikh mod v ustanovke T-10 // VANT. Ser.: Termoyadernyy sintez. 2015. T. 38, № 1. S. 49-56.
Melnikov A.V. et al. Effect of magnetic configuration on nonlinear evolution of NBI-driven Alfv n modes in TJ-II // Nuclear Fusion. 2016, 56. R. 076001.
Perfilov S.V. et al. Applicability of Heavy Ion Beam Probing for Stellarator W7-X // AIP Conference Proceedings. AIP, 2006. Vol. 812. P. 199-202.
Perfilov S. et al. Applicability of Heavy Ion Beam Probing for Stellarator W7-X // Fusion Sci. Technol. 2007. Vol. 51, № 1. P. 38-45.
Melnikov A.V., Eliseev L.G. Optimized heavy ion beam probing for International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor // Rev. Sci. Instrum. 1999. Vol. 70, № 1. P. 951-954.
Keywords:
plasma, magnetic confinement, tokamak, stellarator, the sounding of the plasma by heavy ion beam, electric potential, geodesic acoustic mode, private Alfven fashion, broadband turbulence.


Related Articles

Issue №17956
Mathematical model of the adaptable discharge control system in a tokamak with an iron core
adaptation of the program regime iron core tokamak inverse problem optimal control problem
Show more
Issue №17377
Reduced model of plasma discharge control in tokamak with iron core
reduced model iron core tokamak discharge scenario program regime
Show more
Issue №9675
THE STUDY OF THE ELECTRIC POTENTIAL OF MAGNETICALLY CONFINED FUSION PLASMAS
plasma magnetic confinement plasma diagnostics by heavy ion beam electric potential geodesic acoustic mode
Show more
Issue №11955
OPTIMIZATION OF THE ELECTROMAGNETIC DIAGNOSTICS SYSTEM IN THE TOKAMAK INSTALLATION
mathematical modeling tokamak electromagnetic diagnostics
Show more
Issue №9675
A SEMI-EPIRICAL CRITERION ON COIL CURRENT REQUIREMENT TO CONTROL EDGE LOCALIZED MODES IN TOKAMAK PLASMAS
fusion tokamak ELM control resonant magnetic perturbation plasma response
Show more
Issue №5291
GETTING FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS BASED ON TUNGSTEN MNOGOKOMPONETNOGO MINERAL
scheelite concentrate high energy density plasma tungsten tungsten carbide
Show more
Issue №11955
THE EVOLUTION OF THE MATHEMATICAL AND TECHNICAL ASPECTS OF HEAVY ION BEAM PROBE PLASMA DIAGNOSTICS
plasma magnetic confinement tokamak stellarator the sounding of the plasma by heavy ion beam
Show more
Issue №11955
CORRECTION OF TOROIDAL DISPLACEMENT OF DIAGNOSTIC HEAVY ION BEAM
plasma magnetic confinement tokamak stellarator the sounding of the plasma by heavy ion beam
Show more
Issue №11955
THE STUDY OF THE ELECTRIC POTENTIAL OF MAGNETICALLY CONFINED FUSION PLASMAS
plasma magnetic confinement tokamak stellarator the sounding of the plasma by heavy ion beam
Show more
Issue №11955
DETERMINATION OF ELECTRONIC TEMPERATURE CHANGE OF PLASMA ON THE EVOLUTION OF SOFT X-RAY AFTER SWITCHING ON/OFF OF THE ECE HEATING IN T-10 TOKAMAK
plasma the electron temperature soft x-ray radiation abilitate the inverse problem
Show more