Penalty (fine) under the Criminal Code of 1903
( Pp. 112-116)

More about authors
Shamina Elena Alexandrovna soiskatel. Podrazdelenie: yuridicheskiy fakultet, kafedra ugolovnogo prava i kriminologii
MSU named after M. V. Lomonosov
Abstract:
This study is devoted to the institution of a fine under the Criminal Code of 1903. The author analyzed the criminal law norms that were in force at the turn of the 19th-20th centuries, revealed the prerequisites for the origin, occurrence and development of a judicial fine. The rules of law, the system of types of punishments, and features of the legislative technique used in its preparation are examined in detail. Purpose of the article: This work aims to study the historical and legal features of the institution of a judicial fine, its genesis, ontogenesis in the Criminal Code of 1903. Methodology and methods: the article uses analysis, synthesis, deduction, induction, a comparative legal method, as well as a method of interpreting legal norms that allow you to analyze the institution of a fine (fine) and determine the optimal vector for the development of criminal penalties. Conclusions: the problem of imperfections in the current legislation is becoming relevant for study at present. The author draws the views of researchers on the fact that legislative innovations of recent years, reflected in the Criminal Code, are not so much a product of a modern legislator as features of the legal heritage of Russia. A monetary fine (fine) was first introduced to partially offset the shortcomings of the current criminal law, such as: formalization, the uncertainty of sanctions, the lack of consistency, the presence of an analogy. The appearance of such an institution as a penalty, or a fine (fine) was due to the spirit of the times and the desire of the legislator to individualize punishment. Scope of the results: the research materials analyzed in this article may be of interest in the scientific and educational field as a textbook for students of higher educational institutions: bachelors, undergraduates, graduate students exploring this area of criminal law. Also, this material may be of interest to teachers of law schools, can be used as a tool for the preparation of practical and seminar classes.
How to Cite:
Shamina E.A., (2019), PENALTY (FINE) UNDER THE CRIMINAL CODE OF 1903. Gaps in Russian Legislation, 7 => 112-116.
Reference list:
Kurs ugolovnogo prava. Obshchaya chast . Tom 1: Uchenie o prestuplenii / Pod red. N. F. Kuznetsovoy, I. M. Tyazhkovoy. M., 2002. S. 21.
Poluektov A.G., Nekotorye voprosy primeneniya sudebnogo shtrafa. Probely v rossiyskom zakonodatel stve, 2016, t.8: S. 205-207
Rossiyskoe ugolovnoe pravo. Obshchaya chast / Pod red. V. S. Komissarova. SPb., 2005. S. 35.
Ugolovnoe nakazanie v voprosakh i otvetakh / G. N. Borzenkov, M. N. Golodnyuk, V. I. Zubkova, A.V. Serebrennikova i dr. - Zertsalo Moskva, 1998. - 416 s.
Ugolovnoe pravo Rossii. Prakticheskiy kurs / Pod obshch. red. A. I. Bastrykina; pod nauch. red. A. V. Naumova. 3-e izd., pererab. i dop. M., 2007. S. 22.
Ugolovnoe ulozhenie 1903 goda, ego kharakter i soderzhanie. / pod red. Professora Varshavskogo Universiteta V.V. Esipova. Varshava, Tipografiya Varshavskogo uchebnogo okruga, 1903. str.13
Ugolovnoe ulozhenie, otzyvy vedomstv na proekt Redaktsionnoy komissii, tom IKH, SPb., 1897: Vypiska iz opredeleniya svyateyshego Sinoda ot 18 marta (3 aprelya) 1897 goda za №958, str.8., p. KHIV
Ugolovnoe ulozhenie. Proekt, izmenennyy Ministrom YUstitsii po Soglasheniyu s Predsedatelem Vysochayshe uchrezhdennoy Redaktsionnoy Komissii, Spb, 1898
Ulozhenie o nakazaniyakh ugolovnykh i ispravitel nykh 1845 goda: kontseptual nye osnovy i istoricheskoe znachenie (k 170 letiyu so dnya prinyatiya) : materialy mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. G.Gelenzhik,2-3 oktyabrya 2015 g. /otv. red. d-r yurid. nauk, prof., zasluzhennyy yurist RF V.P. Konyakhin, d-r yurid. nauk, prof. M.L. Prokhorova. - Krasnodar: Kubanskiy gos. un-t; Prosveshchenie-YUg, 2016. -644 s.
Ustav Vrachebnyy, izd.1905 g. i po prod.1912 i 1913 gg., i uzakoneniya po vrachebno-sanitarnoy chasti, dopolneniya postateynymi raz yasneniyami Senata i pravitel stvennykh ustanovleniy, pravilami i instruktsiyami / sost. L.A. Kolychev. Pg., 1913. S 247
Freyberg N.G. Vrachebno-sanitarnoe zakonodatel stvo v Rossii. Uzakoneniya i rasporyazheniya pravitel stva po grazhdanskoy, meditsinskoy i farmatsevticheskoy chastyam, opublikovannym po 1 yanvarya 1913 g. SPb., 1913. S. 416.
Keywords:
Criminal Law, Criminal Code of 1903, crime, criminal punishment, types of punishment, fine, monetary fine, improvement of norms.


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